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1998-1999 Catalog
Division of Health Professions


BS Health Science

The BS degree program in health science is designed so students can use prior education and/or experience to realize their career goals in a health/human service field. Graduates will have the knowledge of available resources and practices and the ability to assess needs to enable them to fill the role of the care-giving professional. The flexible program is structured as an academic, as well as career-ladder-offering. Students with associate degrees in such areas as nursing, dental hygiene, or respiratory therapy; certificates in radiologic technology; or diplomas in nursing can generally complete the program in two years or less of full-time study. The program also provides opportunities for the entering freshman or transfer student from a non-health related field.
This program does not prepare students for nursing practice.

The degree has special relevance for the following individuals:

  • Those who desire academic preparation in fields for which no universally recognized baccalaureate has been established, such as environmental health, community health education, health administration, nursing home management, and voluntary health organization service.
  • Those with a basic technical education in a health career who desire to broaden their exposure to the liberal arts as well as to continue study in the health field.
  • Those who are moving their careers away from their basic discipline yet desire to broaden their career options in health care.
  • Those who plan to enter a graduate program that requires a strong background in health affairs and yet is not specific to any one discipline. Health systems, health planning, public health education, hospital administration, counseling and social work are prime examples.

Expected Outcomes

  • Graduates will understand the role of the care-giving professional in the provision of services to clients/patients.
  • Graduates will be familiar with leading health/social services resources and can use them to address current problems.
  • Graduates will compile, calculate and use health-related data to identify and evaluate health needs, interests and concerns of individuals and/or groups.
  • Graduates will be able to function as providers of assistance for the health-related problems of individuals and/or groups.
  • Graduates will be able to identify and describe components of good mental and physical health.
  • The program will provide a flexible degree program that enables students to prepare for a career of their choosing.
  • The program will provide a quality educational experience for its students.

Admission Requirements

Students transferring into the health science program from another major at Columbus State University or from another institution, must have a minimum combined grade point average of 2.00.

Course Requirements

Areas A-E and Wellness Courses  

Required Hours: 45

Area F Courses Related to Major

Required Hours: 18


HESC 1105 Introduction to the Health Professions
HESC 1115 Interpersonal Relations
HESC 1116 Interviewing Techniques
HESC 2105 Personal Health
HESC 2115 Group Communication
HESC 2125 Applied Nutrition

Area G Program Requirements

Required Hours: 24


HESC 3105 Survey of Environmental Health
HESC 3107 Habit Forming Substances
HESC 3125 Crisis Intervention
HESC 3145 The Dysfunctional Personality
HESC 4105 Community Health Organization
HESC 4106 Methods and Materials in Health Education
HESC 4115 Principles of Epidemiology
HESC 4145 Working With Families

Area H Program Electives

Required Hours: 24


EDUT 3217 Technology for the Teacher
HESC 2165 Assertiveness Training
HESC 3165 Working with the Aged
HESC 4107 Fundamentals of School Health
HESC 4129 Death and Dying
HESC 4698 Internship in Community Health Services
HESC 4795 Seminar in Health Science
HESC 4899 Independent Study
HESC 5105 Advanced Concepts in Environmental Health

Area I General Electives

Required Hours: 12

Total Hours Required 123

Nursing Programs

Columbus State University offers two degree programs in nursing: The Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) and the Associate of Science in Nursing (ASN). The BSN program is an eight-semester curriculum with nursing courses beginning the sophomore year. Graduates are prepared to assume the role of the professional nurse. The ASN program is a four-semester curriculum with nursing courses beginning in the first semester. Graduates of this program are prepared to assume the roles of the associate degree nurse. Information regarding both programs follows; more information may be obtained by contacting the program directors.

Facilities

The nursing programs are in Illges Hall where classrooms, a skills laboratory, and faculty offices are located. Facilities for clinical nursing experiences include Doctors Hospital, The Medical Center, St. Francis Hospital, West Central Georgia Regional Hospital, Martin Army Community Hospital, Hughston Sports Medicine Hospital, and others in the area. Long-term care facilities include Pine Manor, Muscogee Manor, and Oak Manor. Other facilities are physicians' offices, Columbus Department of Public Health, and West Central Health District sites, public schools, preschools, and industrial sites.

Expenses

Expenses beyond the usual university fees will be incurred by students to include uniforms, equipment, and transportation to clinical sites. Detailed information is available from program directors.

Accreditation

The Bachelor of Science in Nursing program and the Associate of Science in Nursing program have full approval from the Georgia Board of Nursing and are accredited by the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission, 350 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, (212) 989-9393 Ext. 153.

Licensure

Graduates of both nursing programs are eligible to take the Registered Nurse Licensure Exam (NCLEX-RN). A student with a felony conviction may be admitted to either nursing program, but permission to take the NCLEX-RN rest with the Georgia Board of Nursing. Further licensure information may be obtained from the director of each nursing program.

Clinical agency agreements

In accordance with University System of Georgia standard clinical agreement contracts, students of both programs must comply with the following policies prior to enrollment in the first nursing course:

  • evidence of professional liability insurance
  • a current negative tuberculin screening (e.g. PPD) or negative chest X-ray
  • current basic CPR certification
  • immunizations and current physical examination

Performance standards

For admission and retention, an applicant to the nursing programs must have abilities and skills of four varieties: observation, communication, motor, and behavioral. Reasonable accommodations will be made on an individual basis. However, an applicant is expected to perform in a reasonably independent manner. Observation — An applicant must be able to observe a patient/client accurately. Examples of observation include: listening to heart and breath sounds, visualizing the appearance of a surgical wound, detecting the presence of foul odor, and palpating an abdomen. Communication — An applicant must be able to communicate effectively with patient/clients and other members of the health care team. He/she must be able to interact with patients/clients and other members of the health care team in order to obtain information, describe patient situations, and perceive nonverbal communication. Motor — An applicant must have adequate motor function to effectively work with nursing problems and issues and carry out related nursing care. Examples of nursing care include ambulation of patients; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; administration of intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous and oral medications; application of pressure to stop bleeding; opening an obstructed airway; and the provision of patient/client daily hygiene care. Behavioral — An applicant must possess the emotional health required for total utilization of his/her intellectual abilities. Applicants need to be able to tolerate physically taxing work loads and to function effectively during stressful situations. They must be capable of adapting to ever-changing environments, displaying flexibility, and learning to function in the case of uncertainty that is inherent in clinical situations involving patients/clients.
Adapted with permission from the Medical College of Georgia, January 1993.

Employment

Upon successful completion of the first clinical nursing course, students are often hired as a nurse technician/nurse aide by some health care agencies. LPN students may also be employed while in school. The nursing programs at Columbus State University renounce all responsibility for the actions of nursing students who are employed in these positions. Clearly stated job descriptions for these positions are the sole responsibility of the employing agency. The employing agency also assumes legal and ethical responsibility for the actions of these employees.

Health related licenses

Students with health-related licenses must bring the license to the nursing program director’s office. A copy of the license may be made for the students record.

BS in Nursing

The mission of the Columbus State University baccalaureate nursing program is to provide an innovative professional educational program, excellence in teaching, clinical expertise, scholarly inquiry and professional service locally, nationally and internationally. The mission is achieved through educating nurses who strive for the highest standards of health care, are sensitive to changing societal needs for nursing care, and develop behaviors that enable them to function in a changing complex society.

The program is designed for qualified high school graduates, college students, individuals who have already earned a degree in another field, and registered nurses with associate degrees or diplomas who wish to prepare for professional nursing practice. Today's changing health care delivery system, as well as the increasing complexity of health problems, requires better educated and better prepared nurses. Baccalaureate education has become the standard for professional nursing.

The nurse with a baccalaureate degree in nursing synthesizes general and professional education and experience to make critical clinical judgments concerning client responses to actual or potential health problems in order to give effective and efficient nursing care. Graduates of the program are prepared to practice in the community hospital, large health science center, military, public health agency, nursing home, school system, and industry, as well as care for individuals and families in their homes. Nursing education at the baccalaureate level also prepares the nurse for management of client care, application of research findings in nursing practice, continued study, participation in professional nursing organizations, and pursuit of graduate education.

The first three semesters of course work are designed as pre-nursing. The following five semesters comprise the professional nursing major.

Expected Outcomes

The Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) program prepares professionals with a liberal arts background who are capable of delivering comprehensive health care to a multicultural clientele in a variety of settings across the life-span, using accepted methods for diagnosis and treating human responses to actual or potential health problems. Each graduate will be able to demonstrate critical thinking skills, communicate effectively, make independent judgments in therapeutic client interventions, and display leadership skills needed to obtain entry-level nursing practice positions.

  • Graduates will compete successfully in a nursing career.
  • Graduates will utilize appropriate forms of communication in relating effectively to clients/patients, family members, the health care team and the community at large.
  • Graduates will utilize the nursing process and theoretical frameworks to perform health promotion and therapeutic nursing interventions directed at individuals, families and/or aggregates.
  • Graduates will be able to demonstrate reasoning skills, employing critical thinking and leadership skills.
  • Students admitted to the major in the BSN program will complete the baccalaureate degree at a comparable percentage rate as students enrolled in similar programs at the state, regional, and national level.
  • Students, alumni, employers and faculty will express high satisfaction with the BSN program.
  • Faculty and students will participate in community service activities (health education and promotion, clinical practice, political process, service on policy boards with the community and university) to assist in meeting the service and leadership needs of the Columbus region.

Admission Requirements

Students who meet the criteria for admission to Columbus State University and declare BSN as their major program are admitted to pre-nursing. An informational interview with a member of the nursing faculty is the first step in student advisement.

Applicants may enter the university in any semester and take courses in the pre-nursing curriculum as they are available and consistent with any of their prerequisites. Satisfactory completion of the pre-nursing course requirements will allow students to be considered for admission to the professional nursing component of the program.

Advance standing through College Level Examination Program (CLEP) credit in pre-nursing courses is granted in the behavioral sciences, humanities, social sciences and mathematics according to policies stated in this catalog. No CLEP credit is allowed in the science courses required by this program.

Pre-nursing students must formally apply during summer semester for admission to the professional nursing program for the following spring semester. The admissions, progression, and graduation committee will consider applications at the end of the summer term and notify students of their status by letter as soon as possible thereafter. Transfer students will be evaluated individually at the appropriate times. One nursing class is admitted each spring semester.

In order to be eligible for consideration for admission the program, students must have:

  • been admitted to Columbus State University
  • a minimum grade point average of 2.5 based on a 4.0 scale and calculated on required pre-nursing course grades only
  • a grade of C or better in all required science courses completed
  • a grade of C or better in all required science courses within seven years of application
  • submitted a completed application, references, and statement of career goals

Admission and progression policies are implemented to assure that the size and the academic qualifications of the student body are consistent with the instructional resources and objectives of the program. Therefore, it may not be possible to admit all students who meet the requirements for admission consideration.

Selection Criteria

Nursing student applicants who meet the five admission consideration requirements will be ranked from the highest pre-nursing grade point average to a grade point average of 2.5 and accepted in that order until available spaces are filled. Students not selected for admission will be placed in their rank order on a waiting list. As spaces become available students will be selected for admission from this waiting list until all the spaces available in the class have been filled. Students who are not selected may reapply for admission to the BSN program for the following spring semester.

Progression Policies

A grade of C or better is required in each nursing course. Students enrolled in a clinical nursing course must complete both the theoretical and clinical portions of the course successfully in order to pass the course. Students are evaluated in the clinical portion of such courses on a pass/fail basis. If a student fails the clinical component of any nursing course, the entire course must be repeated upon its next offering on a space-available basis in order to remain in the program. Exceptions for extenuating circumstances may be considered by the admission, progression, and graduation committee. Students may not transfer credit from another institution to substitute as credit for a clinical nursing course failed at Columbus State University.

A student who has failed a clinical or non-clinical nursing course will be allowed to repeat it only once. A second failure of the course or failure of a second nursing course will result in exclusion from the BSN program.

Special requirements for progression are:

  • completion of required calculation proficiency levels for each nursing course
  • completion of required achievement examinations
  • annual evidence of either a current negative screening (e.g., PPD) or a negative chest X-ray
  • annual evidence of current basic CPR certification
  • annual evidence of professional liability insurance

Advanced Placement for Registered Nurses

The registered nursing (RN) student is admitted to pre-nursing and counseled individually by a nursing faculty advisor regarding pre-nursing courses and advanced placement options. Support and encouragement are provided to promote attainment of the student's academic goals. Based on previous experience and current practice, and after successful completion of NURS 3278, RN students receive credit for NURS 2275, NURS 3175, NURS 3176, NURS 3272, NURS 3273, NURS 4271 (24 semester credit hours). NURS 3278 is offered as the first clinical nursing course in the three-semester RN-BSN track.

In order to be eligible for consideration for admission to the program, students must have:

  • been admitted to Columbus State University
  • a minimum grade point average of 2.5 based on a 4.0 scale and calculated on required pre-nursing courses grades only
  • a grade of C or better in all required science courses completed
  • a grade of C or better in all required science courses taken within seven years of application
  • submitted a completed application, references, statement of career goals and evidence of current licensure in Georgia

Admission and progression policies are implemented to assure that the size and the academic qualifications of the student body are consistent with the instructional resources and objectives of the program. Therefore, it may not be possible to admit all students who meet the requirements for admission consideration.

Selection criteria — Nursing student applicants who meet the five admission consideration requirements will be ranked from the highest pre-nursing grade point average to a grade point average of 2.5 and accepted in that order until available spaces are filled. Students not selected for admission will be placed in their rank order on a waiting list. As spaces become available students will be selected for admission from this waiting list until the all of the spaces available in the class have been filled. Students who are not selected may reapply for admission to the BSN program for the following spring semester.

Readmission Policy

Students who have withdrawn from the nursing program due to academic difficulty or failure will be considered for readmission if:

  • written request for readmission is submitted to the admission, progression, and graduation committee one semester before the requested return semester
  • the student has a cumulative grade point average of 2.0 or higher on courses required for the degree
  • resources are available to support such additional enrollment

A student who fails a clinical nursing course a second time, fails two second-year clinical courses, or fails two fourth-year clinical nursing courses is not eligible for readmission to the BSN program.

Graduation Requirements

Degree progress grade point average 2.0 or higher, and satisfactory completion of all university requirements are required. Students who fail to meet graduation requirements within seven years of their first admission to the nursing program are subject to having all credits reevaluated on the basis of the prevailing graduation requirements for the BSN degree.

Course Requirements

Areas A-E and Wellness Courses

Required Hours: 45

Area F Courses Related to Major

Required Hours: 18


BIOL 2221 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
BIOL 2222 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
BIOL 2225 Microbiology for the Health Sciences
MATH 1227 Introductory Statistics
NURS 2275 Introduction to Professional Nursing

Area G Program Requirements

Required Hours: 57


NURS 3175 Pharmacology in Nursing
NURS 3176 Basic and Therapeutic Nutrition
NURS 3275 Foundations of Nursing Practice
NURS 3276 Introduction to Health Assessment and Wellness
NURS 3277 Advanced Nursing Practice
NURS 3279 Applied Pathophysiology
NURS 4175 Nursing Research
NURS 4275 Parent-Infant Nursing
NURS 4276 Family and Community Nursing
NURS 4277 Application of Professionalism in Nursing
NURS 4278 Nursing Informatics

Area I General Electives

Required Hours: 3

Total hours Required 123

AS in Nursing

The Associate of Science in Nursing (ASN) is designed to prepare individuals for careers as registered nurses. Nursing education is a process by which knowledge assimilated from the theoretical components is applied to varied clinical settings. An integrated curriculum approach allows nursing courses to be team-taught, facilitates the use of a variety of teaching methods, and emphasizes the scientific principles upon which nursing decisions and actions are based.

The Associate of Science in Nursing program is dedicated to the preparation of competent beginning practitioners. The ASN graduate uses the nursing process to give skilled nursing care to those with common and/or recurring health problems. The Columbus State University ASN program is fully approved by the Georgia Board of Nursing and accredited by the National League for Nursing.

Career Opportunities

There are unlimited career opportunities for nurses. After graduating and passing the National Registered Nurse licensing examination, graduates of the ASN program are employed in hospitals and long-term care facilities, as well as a variety of other health care service organizations.

Admission Requirements

One nursing class is admitted each fall semester. Each class is selected at the end of spring semester, and each applicant is informed by letter whether or not admission has been granted. Students may, however, enter the university in any semester and take required non-nursing courses as they can be appropriately scheduled. Because spaces in clinical nursing courses are limited by the number of faculty, fiscal and physical resources available to the nursing program, and availability of appropriate clinical facilities in the community, it may not be possible to admit all students who meet the minimum requirements for admission.

In order to be eligible for consideration for admission to the program, students must:

  • have been admitted to Columbus State University
  • have completed chemistry and math requirements
  • have earned grades of C or better in required science courses completed
  • have taken the required science courses within seven years
  • have attained a grade point average of 2.0 for required non-nursing courses completed
  • complete an information form at the time of the interview with the program director, which will serve as an application for admission to the program

All students admitted to the clinical nursing courses are required to complete a health history form, submit evidence of a current physical examination, including documentation of immunization, current CPR certification and professional liability insurance.

Selection Criteria

In the event that the number of students meeting the minimum requirements for consideration for admission to the program exceeds the maximum number of spaces available in the program, applicants will be accepted in rank order based on:

  • the grade point average earned in required non-nursing courses completed
  • the number of required science courses completed
  • the number of required core courses completed
  • grades received in required non-nursing courses
  • LPN, EMT, Medic Status
  • previous denial for lack of space
  • course work taken at CSU

Students not selected for admission will be placed on a waiting list in rank order. As spaces become available, students will be selected for admission from this waiting list. After the maximum number has been accepted, students not selected may re-apply for admission to the ASN program for the following fall semester or elect another major.

Progression and Graduation Requirements

A grade of C or better in each nursing course is required. All nursing courses (except 1205 and 2205) have a theoretical and clinical portion. Both portions must be completed successfully for a student to pass the course. Students may repeat a clinical nursing course only one time, dependent upon space available in the course (see readmission below). Students may not transfer credit from another institution to substitute as credit for a clinical nursing course failed at Columbus State University.

Progression through the ASN program requires:

  • grades of C or better in all science courses
  • completion of required National League for Nursing achievements tests
  • annual evidence of current negative Tuberculin screening or a negative chest X-ray
  • evidence of hepatitis B vaccination series or waiver
  • annual evidence of current basic CPR certification and student nurse professional liability insurance

Criteria for Readmission

Once admitted to the program, any student who drops or fails a nursing course must apply, in writing, for readmission to the program. To be considered for readmission:

  • the student must apply for readmission in writing at least one semester prior to the time the dropped or failed course is next offered again
  • the student must be eligible to enroll a Columbus State University
  • the student must have a grade point average of 2.0 or higher for all required courses completed at the time of application for readmission
  • the student must have completed all English and science courses with a grade of C or better at the time of application for readmission
  • the student must have successfully passed the Regents’ Test at the time of application for readmission
  • space must be available in the required course which is to be repeated

A student who fails a clinical nursing course a second time, fails two first-year clinical nursing courses, or fails two second-year clinical nursing courses is not eligible for readmission to the program.

Program Requirements

Chemistry and college algebra are prerequisites to being admitted. After being accepted into the program, a minimum of four semesters is required for completion of the ASN program. An appropriate balance is maintained between general education and nursing education. The curriculum includes content in biological science, behavioral science, social studies, medical-surgical nursing, maternal-infant nursing, mental health-psychiatric nursing, and nursing of children.

In addition to the general criteria for admission to Columbus State University, applicants for admission to the ASN program must submit satisfactory evidence of good health and have an informational interview with a member of the nursing faculty. Students are accepted to nursing courses only in the fall semester of each academic year. Applicants may, however, enter the university in any semester and take required non-nursing courses as pre-nursing students. Each nursing course is offered during a specific semester and must be taken at that time.

In addition to general university requirements, specific requirements for degree completion include satisfactory completion of the prescribed curriculum in nursing with an overall grade of C including a grade of C or better in each nursing course. A minimum of 72 semester hours is required for degree completion in the ASN program.

Course Requirements

Area 1 General Education Courses

Required Hours: 26


BIOL 2225 Microbiology for the Health Sciences
CHEM 1151 Survey of Chemistry 1
CHEM 1351 Survey of Chemistry Lab 1
COMM 2205 Communications
ENGL 1101 English Composition I
ENGL 1102 English Composition II
PEDS **** Physical Education Service course
PELM 1205 Concepts of Fitness
PSYC 1101 Introduction to General Psychology
An Area A approved mathematics course

Area 2 Program Requirements

Required Hours: 46


BIOL 2221 Human Anatomy and Physiology 1
BIOL 2222 Human Anatomy and Physiology 2
NURS 1205 Foundations of Nursing
NURS 1206 Pharmacology
NURS 1207 Medical-Surgical Nursing
NURS 2205 Nursing Trends and Issues
NURS 2206 Psychiatric Nursing
NURS 2207 Maternal-Infant Nursing
NURS 2208 Advanced Medical-Surgical Nursing

Total Hours Required 72

AS in Respiratory Therapy

The respiratory therapy program consists of a two-year curriculum leading to an Associate of Science in Respiratory Therapy degree. The program is fully accredited by the Joint Review Committee for Respiratory Therapy Education (JRCRTE) and the Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC). Graduates of the program are eligible to sit for all credentialing examinations offered by the National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC). The program is also designed to prepare the students for entry into other baccalaureate programs in respiratory therapy.

Course Requirements

Area 1 General Education Courses

Required Hours: 27


BIOL 2225 Microbiology for the Health Sciences
CHEM 1151 Survey of Chemistry 1
CHEM 1152 Survey of Chemistry 2
CHEM 1351 Survey of Chemistry Lab 1
CHEM 1352 Survey of Chemistry Lab 2
COMM 2205 Communications
ENGL 1101 English Composition I
ENGL 1102 English Composition II
MATH 1111 College Algebra
PEDS **** Physical Education Service course
PELM 1205 Concepts of Fitness

Area 2 Program Requirements

Required Hours: 43


BIOL 2221 Human Anatomy and Physiology 1
BIOL 2222 Human Anatomy and Physiology 2
RESP 2115 Cardiopulmonary Physiology
RESP 2116 Cardiopulmonary Assessment
RESP 2117 Respiratory Pathophysiology
RESP 2118 Pharmacology for Respiratory Care
RESP 2119 Neonatal Respiratory Care
RESP 2215 Respiratory Care Procedures and Equipment
RESP 2216 Blood Gases
RESP 2217 Mechanical Ventilation
RESP 2225 Intensive Respiratory Care
RESP 2226 Clinical Simulation and Application
RESP 2301 Clinical Practicum 1
RESP 2302 Clinical Practicum 2
RESP 2303 Clinical Practicum 3

Total Hours Required 70

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