ENVS 5125. Human Ecology (3-0-3) Prerequisite: One of the following: ANTH 1105, 1106, 1145, 5175, ENVS 1105, or ENVS 6207 with a grade of "C" or better; or instructor consent. Course provides an inter-disciplinary perspective blending biological ecology with social science approaches to examine the interrelationships between human societies and their environments. Problems examined include past and present intellectual frameworks, population ecology, environmental stressors, human subsistence strategies, processes of cultural and environmental change. Course aims to provide basic tools that will help students evaluate problematic human-environment relationships in order to confront them effectively.
ENVS 5226. Culture and Environment (3-0-3) Prerequisites: ANTH 1105 and ENVS 1105 or ENVS 3126; or Department Approval. This course explores how societies in the past have not only adapted to their environments, but how they have manipulated and transformed their ecosystems, and how these processes in turn have shaped economic, demographic, political, social, and ideological, aspects of human populations. We will examine the development of theory regarding the emergence and history of ecological thinking in anthropology, and follow the development of varied approaches and major controversies, many of which remain unresolved today. The course will also utilize case studies from anthropology, archaeology and palaeoecology to evaluate changing interactions between the natural environment and human societies.