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ASTR 1105. Descriptive Astronomy: The Solar System (3-0-3) History of astronomy, structure of the solar system, formation of the sun and planetary bodies, moons, comets, asteroids, and meteors. (Course fee required.)


ASTR 1305. Descriptive Astronomy Lab (0-2-1) Prerequisite or Co-requisite: ASTR 1105 or ASTR 1106. Laboratory exercises in astronomy and instruction on the use of telescopes and observational techniques. Activities will include the investigation of the physical nature of astronomical objects and the observation and measurement of the moon, planets, and stars. (Course fee required.)


GEOL 1122. Introductory Geo-sciences 2: Historical Geology (3-0-3) Prerequisite: GEOL 1121 recommended as prerequisite and may be taken concurrently. This course covers geologic time, sedimentary environments, fossils, and Earth history. (Course fee required.)


GEOL 1322. Introductory Geo-sciences 2: Historical Geology Lab (0-2-1) Co-requisite: GEOL 1122. Laboratory exercises in the topics of GEOL 1122: techniques for determining relative and absolute ages; identification of fossils; correlating sedimentary rocks, determining paleoenvironments and paleogeography. (Course fee required.)


GEOL 2225. The Fossil Record (3-2-4) A survey of the history of life known from the fossil record. Includes principles of paleontology, evolutionary theory, and mass extinction. Field trips other than class time will be scheduled. (Course fee required.)


GEOL 3215. Igneous and Metamorphic Geology (3-3-4) Prerequisite: GEOL 3266 with "C" or better. This course will examine the tectonic setting, chemical and physical processes, and phase relations important to igneous and metamorphic rock formation. Additionally, classification schemes and rock identification based on hand sample and thin section textures-mineralogy will be explored. Additionally, the class will examine volcanic-magmatic systems as they pertain to volcanic behavior, and metamorphic systems as they pertain to the evolution of continental-oceanic crust. (Course fee required.)


GEOL 3235. Sedimentary Geology (3-2-4) Prerequisites: GEOL1121, GEOL1121L, GEOL1122, and GEOL1322 all with a minimum grade of C. Introduction to the description and interpretation of sediments and sedimentary rocks. Topics include: textural analysis of sediments, thin-section description of sedimentary rocks, hydrodynamics of sedimentary transportation, and interpretation of sedimentary structures. Field trips other than during class time may be scheduled. (Course fee required.)


GEOL 3266. Mineralogy (3-3-4) Prerequisite: MATH1111, GEOL1121, and GEOL1121L with "C" or better in each course. This course will expose students to fundamentals of mineral formation, identification, and uses, including crystal chemistry, crystallography, crystal structure, and crystal growth. Both physical and optical properties will be explored, and mineral classification schemes will be covered. The course will particularly focus on the identification, classification, and formation of common rock forming, industrial, and diagnostic minerals; although students will be exposed to a wide variety of minerals representative of the major mineral groups. (Course fee required.)


GEOL 4275. Structural Geology ({3-3}-{2-6}-{4-6}) Prerequisite: MATH 1111 or higher, GEOL1121, GEOL1121L, GEOL1122, and GEOL1322 all with a "C" or better in each course. This course examines the fundamentals of stress and strain as they pertain to geology, including the mechanical properties and behavior of earth materials. Additionally, the course explores geologic structures, their recognition and interpretation in the field, and methods for solving structural problems. These concepts are examined within the framework of the Earth's crust, the evolution of mountain belts, continents and basins, and the relationship between structures, deformation, and plate tectonics. (Course fee required.)


GEOL 5255. Environmental Geology ({3-3}-{2-6}-{4-3}) Prerequisite: GEOL 1121. Examination of human interaction with the geologic environment. Geologic hazards such as earthquakes, floods, landslides, and volcanic eruptions will be considered, as well as resources and waste management, and human impacts on the physical environment. (Course fee required.)